Horton Plains National Park is the home to over 750 species of plants and around 150 animals. You can spot different types of ferns, orchids and lichens. The forest is also home to Sambar Deer, Wild Boar, Purple Faced Langur, Sri Lanka Super fowl, Magpie, Wood Pigeon, Red Slender Loris among other animals. However, the birds and smaller animals are easier to be spotted.
A number of endemic species, native to these forests like the rhino horn lizard, Striped- necked mongoose and giant squirrels can easily be spotted on hikes. The Sri Lankan leopard is another beauty that only a few claims to have spotted here.